The Complete Idiot's Guide to the Civil War (3rd Edition)
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A battle - ready guide to the deadliest war in American history.
Completely revised for the Sesquicentennial, The Complete Idiot's Guide to the Civil War, Third Edition is a comprehensive overview of America's bloodiest war.
From the first shots fired at Fort Sumter to Lee's surrender at Appomattox, this book embodies the latest scholarship, offering fascinating stories of the men and women who fought bravely and often died for a cause they believed in.
The book features a clear chronology of major events, detailed explanations of key battles such as Gettysburg, Chattanooga, and Chancellorsville.
Author Alan Axelrod offers intimate impressions and anecdotes from generals and soldiers alike, and strategies of war leaders such as Sherman, Lee, and Grant.
fall in the Seven Days’ Battles during June 1862. (Library of Congress) In April 1862, the Confederacy enacted a draft law, and the Union followed the next year. On both sides, the laws were unjust and unpopular. In the South, those who owned or oversaw 20 or more slaves were exempt from service, which meant that the well-to-do need not fear becoming cannon fodder. As if that wasn’t enough, one could pay a cash “commutation fee” in lieu of service, or could hire a substitute to serve in one’s
to the center, along a sunken farm road ever after called the “Bloody Lane,” which was held by Confederate General D. H. Hill. It took three divisions of Union Major General Edwin “Bull” Sumner’s corps and five horrific hours to drive Hill out of this position. By mid-afternoon, the Union left wing, commanded by General Ambrose Burnside, broke through the Confederate line after many delays, which had been caused largely by Burnside’s insistence on capturing a bridge instead of immediately
exempted altogether from the proclamation, as were the counties slated to form the new state of West Virginia. Forever Free By the end of the year, three congressional districts occupied by Union troops—two in southeast Louisiana and one in eastern Virginia—had elected representatives to the U.S. Congress; these areas were deemed no longer in rebellion and thus their slaves remained enslaved. Slaves were immediately freed in all other areas occupied by the Union army, including northern
(the story is otherwise uncorroborated), Davis mounted a wagon and, after scolding the rioters for stealing trinkets and finery while crying for bread, he called out: “You say you are hungry and have no money—here is all I have!” With that, he dug into his pockets and threw out money. Neither history nor Varina Davis records whether this was gold and silver coins (worth something) or Confederate notes (worth almost nothing). Having distributed his largesse, Davis next pulled out his pocket watch
Gettysburg, Vicksburg was the most important victory of the war. The Mississippi River was now in Union hands, and the backbone of the Confederacy was broken. For the next 81 years, the citizens of Vicksburg would refuse to celebrate Independence Day. A Union artillery position in the long siege of Vicksburg. (Harper’s Pictorial History of the Civil War, 1866) The Least You Need to Know • Southern civilians were plagued by food and other shortages and also by runaway inflation. • Draft