Seven Events That Made America America: And Proved That the Founding Fathers Were Right All Along
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A conservative historian examines some of the pivotal, yet often ignored, moments that shaped our history
All students of American history know the big events that dramatically shaped our country. The Civil War, Pearl Harbor, the assassination of John F. Kennedy, and 9/11 are just a few.
But there are other, less famous events that had an equally profound impact. Notable conservative historian Larry Schweikart takes an in- depth look at seven of these transformative moments and provides an analysis of how each of them spurred a trend that either confirmed or departed from the vision our Founding Fathers had for America. For instance, he shows how Martin Van Buren's creation of a national political party made it possible for Obama to get elected almost two centuries later and how Dwight Eisenhower's heart attack led to a war on red meat, during which the government took control over Americans' diets.
In his easy-to-read yet informative style, Schweikart will not only educate but also surprise readers into reevaluating our history.
Authority in America, 1859-1877 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990). 81 Ibid., x. 82 Alexander B. Callow, The Tweed Ring (London: Oxford University Press, 1966). 83 Burton T. Doyle and Homer H. Swaney, Lives of James A. Garfield and Chester A. Arthur (Washington: R. H. Darby, 1881), 61. 84 Ari Hoogenboom, Outlawing the Spoils: A History of the Civil Service Reform Movement, 1865-1883 (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1961). CHAPTER 2 Epigraph: Mark R. Levin, Men in Black:
Nation (New York: Vintage, 1969), 91; Doggett, There’s a Riot Going On, 275. 55 Hoffman, Woodstock Nation , 4-5; Doggett, There’s a Riot Going On, 270. 56 Doggett, There’s a Riot Going On, 516. 57 Ibid., 512. 58 Ibid., 513. 59 Artemy Troitsky, “Rock in the USSR: The True Story of Rock in Russia,” http://www.planetaquarium.com/eng/pub/doc_at1.html. 60 Timothy W. Ryback, Rock Around the Bloc: A History of Rock Music in Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union (New York: Oxford, 1990), 26. 61
manpower, but the states, in theory, were to coordinate all efforts. FEMA had no trucks or planes of its own, but had to rely on a wilderness of agencies (some twenty-nine, total) to provide equipment and transportation. Yet in its first major test (Hurricane Hugo in 1989) FEMA proved sluggish, and, more important, in a preview of Katrina, the states failed to make timely requests.66 Governors and federal authorities maintained separate emergency management offices, with little communication
policies did not create anything new, but merely reflected what was already in progress. If anything, as Russian rock critic Artemy Troitsky argued, glasnost conceded rock and roll’s victory, while at the same time producing “the biggest anti-rock backlash [in the Soviet Union] of the past couple of years [i.e., 1986-1987]. It was initiated by some Russophile writers, supported by certain officials in the Ministry of Culture . . . under the banner of glasnost.”89 In 1987 piano-rocker Billy Joel
independence in 1943, and upon the eviction of the Vichy forces in 1946, the nation achieved fully independent status. After the creation of the state of Israel and the first Arab-Israeli war in 1947-48, refugees from Palestine moved to Lebanon as a long-term tactic by Arab states to create a “Palestinian refugee crisis” that they blamed on Israel (despite the fact that the Arab states themselves never invited refugees to settle in their countries). During the Suez Crisis of 1956, the pro-Western