Missions of San Diego (Images of America)

1 Dec

Missions of San Diego (Images of America)

Missions of San Diego (Images of America)

Robert A. Bellezza

Language: English

Pages: 128

ISBN: 0738596833

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub


Californias first settlement began on a trail called El Camino Real, or The Royal Road, that was traveled by missionary pathfinders, soldiers, and conquistadors on a dramatic journey into a mysterious land. Monterey was discovered in 1603, leading to the quest. Explorers Don Gaspar de Portolá and Juan Bautista de Anza, along with ambitious Franciscan missionaries, founded 21 monumental Spanish missions and several asistencias and chapels for native neophytes, travelers, and visitors to Alta California. Following the initial landing in 1769 at San Diegos seaport, Fr. Junípero Serra founded Mission San Diego de Alcalá, Californias first landmark, at the original presidio site. The mission stands today exactly where it was moved, rebuilt, and completed in 1813. The native populations of California witnessed years of change from a sleepy province to the status of US statehood. The Spanish missions forged the powerful underpinnings of the Golden States earliest settlements 80 years prior to the worlds largest migration to California, the 1849 Gold Rush.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

washed with limestone. 69 Drawings for Mission San Luis Rey de Francia were a crucial key to its accurate restorations. The first church was dedicated in 1802, the foundations of the present church were begun in 1811, and the mission was completed in 1815. By 1829, a domed roof had been finished, and the interior walls and ceiling were decorated by the native Indians. The King of the Missions was founded in 1797 by Fr. Fermín Francisco de Lasuén and built by Fr. Antonio Peyri in 1811. It was

CA: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2009. Mornin, Edward and Lorna. Saints of California. Los Angeles, CA: J. Paul Getty Museum,   2009. Ryan, Frances B. and Lewis C. Yes Escondido, There Was a Felicita! Self-published, 1980. Wright, Ralph B. California’s Missions. Los Angeles, CA: Sterling Press, 1950. 127 DISCOVER THOUSANDS OF LOCAL HISTORY BOOKS FEATURING MILLIONS OF VINTAGE IMAGES Arcadia Publishing, the leading local history publisher in the United States, is committed to making history accessible

descriptions of several buildings. The inscriptions on the bells read: “SA-NTA-MARI-AHADALEHA-ANO-DE-1789,” MATERDEL-OROSA,” “Originally cast in New Spain 1796–Recast in San Diego, Calif. 1894, Standard Iron Works,” and “1802-S-IVAN-NE-PO-MVCENO-AVE-MARIA-PV-RISIMA.” 36 Two The “King of the Missions” Mission San Luis R ey de Francia The “King of the Missions” was fully restored by 1937, and old Mission San Luis Rey de Francia presents a commanding footprint even by today’s standards. In

descriptions of several buildings. The inscriptions on the bells read: “SA-NTA-MARI-AHADALEHA-ANO-DE-1789,” MATERDEL-OROSA,” “Originally cast in New Spain 1796–Recast in San Diego, Calif. 1894, Standard Iron Works,” and “1802-S-IVAN-NE-PO-MVCENO-AVE-MARIA-PV-RISIMA.” 36 Two The “King of the Missions” Mission San Luis R ey de Francia The “King of the Missions” was fully restored by 1937, and old Mission San Luis Rey de Francia presents a commanding footprint even by today’s standards. In

walls. The massive church may be entered at the scalloped door opening leading through the three-foot adobe walls of the church to an inner courtyard. The remaining quadrangular archways frame a patio square measuring 500 feet in each direction. The cloisters were filled once with flowers and shrubs gracing the surroundings of the imposing mission structure. (Southwest Museum of the American Indian Collection.) 48 Mission San Luis Rey de Francia stands nearly restored in a photograph from

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