Jews and the Civil War: A Reader
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At least 8,000 Jewish soldiers fought for the Union and Confederacy during the Civil War. A few served together in Jewish companies while most fought alongside Christian comrades. Yet even as they stood “shoulder-to-shoulder” on the front lines, they encountered unique challenges.
In Jews and the Civil War, Jonathan D. Sarna and Adam Mendelsohn assemble for the first time the foremost scholarship on Jews and the Civil War, little known even to specialists in the field. These accessible and far-ranging essays from top scholars are grouped into seven thematic sections—Jews and Slavery, Jews and Abolition, Rabbis and the March to War, Jewish Soldiers during the Civil War, The Home Front, Jews as a Class, and Aftermath—each with an introduction by the editors. Together they reappraise the impact of the war on Jews in the North and the South, offering a rich and fascinating portrait of the experience of Jewish soldiers and civilians from the home front to the battle front.
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war would be over in six months.) He was issued a fine uniform. “We were all boys between the ages of eighteen and twenty-one. … Our trip was full of joy and pleasure, for at every station where our train stopped the ladies showered us with flowers and Godspeed.”23 Jewish Confederates, like other immigrants and African Americans, had a special burden during the war. They had to prove that Jews could fight. One of the tenets of nineteenth-century Antisemitism was that the Jews were disloyal,
93–97 Ezekiel and Lichtenstein, History of the Jews of Richmond, 129, 149–52 Darrell L. Collins, 46th Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H. E. Howard, 1992), 151. 42. Rosen, 118–25. The best source on Abraham C. Myers is Richard D. Goff, Confederate Supply (Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 1969). Walter Burke Jr. has written a useful pamphlet entitled “Quartermaster: A Brief Account of the Life of Colonel Abraham Charles Myers, Quartermaster General C.S.A.,” published in 1976. William C.
a grim disappointment. The eight-week voyage on a sailing vessel almost took all the starch out of him; bad food and bad quarters left him shaken in body and soul when he arrived. He visited a cousin but was shabbily received and probably never called again; he knew no English, had no trade, and soon became so discouraged that he was almost disconsolate. His one friend, the man who had accompanied him here, soon left him in the lurch to take a job with a relative. His total fortune was ten
France), 82n29 Michelbacher, Max, 229, 243 Mielziner, Moses, 135 Miller, Joseph, 58–59 Minhag America (Wise), 161 Minis, Abigail, 89 Missouri Democrat (newspaper), 404 “Mr. Shoddy’s way of Treating the Destitute” (poem), 324 Mittledorfer, David, 238 Mobile Daily Advertiser and Chronicle (news-paper), 96 Moïse, Abraham, 92 Moise, Edwin, 37 Moise, Edwin Warren, 228 Moise, Justine, 104 Monaco, Chris, 124 Monk, Henry Wentworth, 41–42 Morais, Sabato, 130, 131, 142n24, 167 Morais,
Engerman, Atlantic Slave Trade. 7. Werner Sombart, The Jews and Modern Capitalism, trans. M. Epstein, with an American edition by Bert F. Hoselitz (Glencoe, Ill., 1951), 32–33, 363nn. 61–70. For more recent scholarly assertions of Jewish dominance in the early Atlantic slave system, see note 12 below. For polemical accounts of Jewish dominance, see The Secret Relationship between Blacks and Jews (Chicago, 1991) and the commentary of Harold Brackman, Ministry of Lies: The Truth behind the Nation