For Liberty and Glory: Washington, Lafayette, and Their Revolutions

23 Nov

For Liberty and Glory: Washington, Lafayette, and Their Revolutions

For Liberty and Glory: Washington, Lafayette, and Their Revolutions

James R. Gaines

Language: English

Pages: 512

ISBN: 0393061388

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

They began as courtiers in a hierarchy of privilege, but history remembers them as patriot-citizens in a commonwealth of equals.

On April 18, 1775, a riot over the price of flour broke out in the French city of Dijon. That night, across the Atlantic, Paul Revere mounted the fastest horse he could find and kicked it into a gallop.So began what have been called the "sister revolutions" of France and America. In a single, thrilling narrative, this book tells the story of those revolutions and shows just how deeply intertwined they actually were. Their leaders, George Washington and the Marquis de Lafayette, were often seen as father and son, but their relationship, while close, was every bit as complex as the long, fraught history of the French-American alliance. Vain, tough, ambitious, they strove to shape their characters and records into the form they wanted history to remember. James R. Gaines provides fascinating insights into these personal transformations and is equally brilliant at showing the extraordinary effect of the two "freedom fighters" on subsequent history. 8 pages of color and 8 pages of black-and-white illustrations; 2 maps














they were suspected of some unspecified form of subversion and lynched. When this news reached the Hôtel de Ville, Lafayette asked Mayor Bailly to put out the red flag of martial law and permit him to bring order to the Champs de Mars. “There is a storm about, don’t you feel it?” he said, and Bailly agreed. In fact, at a Cordeliers meeting the night before, members were told to anticpate such a repressive move by Lafayette and the Guard and advised to bring concealed weapons to the signing

conditions for the working poor: Statistics in this paragraph are from Pinkney, “A New Look.” “The reign of law has been interrupted”: Whitlock, II:314. “Uniform for sale”: Ibid., 293. “Monsieur de Lafayette was starting”: Rémusat, II:227. “the springtime of our liberty”: Alphonse d’Herbelot, La Jeunesse libérale de 1830: Lettres à Charles de Montalembert et à Leon Cornudet, 1828–1830 (Paris: Editions Alphonse Picard et fils, 1908), 115–16; Kramer, 228. “These events can no longer be

Assumptions: “It is impossible to describe that moment, the women in tears, the common people raising their hands toward the sky in deep silence; the passengers leaning out of the gallery, waving and crying out in joy…. No one said anything but, ‘Great God, how beautiful!’” On December 3, not long before he made his contribution to the elastic shoe maker, Lafayette attended the latest aeronaut to astonish his fellow Parisians. The scientist J.-A.-C. Charles, in a silk balloon filled with

Nations conference* for what amounted to a victory tour that by this time had led him from Albany to Hartford to Worcester to Boston, accompanied everywhere he went by cannon salutes and banquets ending with Lafayette’s pitch for a stronger federal union. The tour’s high point came in Boston on October 19, the third anniversary of Cornwallis’s surrender at Yorktown. After a parade in his honor down State Street, he was escorted by artillery and accompanied by several thirteen-gun salutes to a

was that victory would inspire loyalty to the colonial collective that had won it. Clearly, that had not happened. The states would not give Congress even the money to pay the war debt. Washington was disgusted, he wrote Henry Knox, by the “contracted ideas, local pursuits and absurd jealousy [which] are continually leading us from those great and fundamental principles which are characteristic of wise and powerful nations, and without which we are no more than a rope of sand….” He wrote that in

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