Black American Biographies: The Journey of Achievement (African American History and Culture) (African American History and Culture (Hardcover))

19 Nov

Black American Biographies: The Journey of Achievement (African American History and Culture) (African American History and Culture (Hardcover))

Black American Biographies: The Journey of Achievement (African American History and Culture) (African American History and Culture (Hardcover))

Hope Lourie Killcoyne

Language: English

Pages: 402

ISBN: 1615301372

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub


Developing a vitality that has drawn strength from a hardship-filled past as well as optimism for the future, African Americans have transformed the history and culture of the United States. From the abolitionists and civil rights leaders who struggled to secure basic freedoms to the scientists, entertainers, and public servants who have nurtured innovation in their respective fields, African Americans have broken critical barriers for every American. This volume profiles many of those individualsfrom Frederick Douglass to Oprah Winfrey to Barack Obamawhose efforts and ideas continue to enrich the foundations of the nation.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

both the United States and Europe and she signed with Mercury Record Corporation and EmArcy, Mercury’s jazz label, in 1953 to sing both pop and jazz. She also appeared in three movies in this period, Jazz Festival (1956), Disc Jockey (1951), and Basin Street Revue (1956). A contralto with a range of three octaves who earned the nicknames “Sassy” and “the Divine One,” she came to be regarded as one of the greatest of all jazz singers. Among her best-known songs were “It’s Magic,” “Make Yourself

Jan. 12, 1946, Sacramento, Calif.), Jerry Martini (b. Oct. 1, 1943, Boulder, Colo.), Larry Graham (b. Aug. 14, 1946, Beaumont, Texas), and Greg Errico (b. Sept. 1, 1946, San Francisco, Calif.). As a performer, songwriter, and social satirist, bandleader Sly Stone stood among the giants of rock. The band’s style combined a range of influences (including rock, funk, jazz, psychedelic rock, standards, and nursery rhymes) with the spirit of a Pentecostal church revival and produced some of the era’s

popularity caused white baseball fans to take greater notice of the players in the Negro leagues, which perhaps hastened the integration of baseball. Despite the colour bar, Paige faced the best major league players in exhibition games before 1948. He once struck out Rogers Hornsby, probably the greatest right-handed hitter in baseball history, five times in one game. In Hollywood in 1934 Paige scored a spectacular 1–0 victory in 13 innings over Dizzy Dean, who won 30 games for the St. Louis

remained there until his retirement in 1922. During his 33-year career, Turner published more than 70 papers, many of them written while he confronted numerous challenges, including restrictions on his access to laboratories and research libraries and restrictions on his time due to a heavy teaching load at Sumner. Furthermore, Turner received meagre pay and was not given the opportunity to train research students at either the undergraduate or the graduate level. Despite these challenges, he

his melodic style was direct and unornamented, based on quarter notes and rich with inflections. The deliberation, pacing, and lyricism in his improvisations are striking. COOL JAZZ AND MODAL JAZZ In the summer of 1948, Davis formed a nonet that included the renowned jazz artists Gerry Mulligan, J.J. Johnson, Kenny Clarke, and Lee Konitz, as well as players on French horn and tuba, instruments rarely heard in a jazz context. Mulligan, Gil Evans, and pianist John Lewis did most of the

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